September 29, 2023

What Is VGA (Video Graphics Array)?

Video Graphics Array or VGA is a 15-pin video connector that’s primarily used to transmit graphics or media from supply to show like monitor, TV, projector, and so on. VGA is created in 1987 which was primarily based on IBM primarily based D-subminiature connection sort. VGA was a very talked-about connection sort between the beginning of the 1900s and the top of the 2010s. As an previous know-how VGA makes use of analog indicators which makes it much less succesful than newer digital protocols like HDMI, DVI, and so on. VGA is a generic time period even the true identify is Video Graphics Array it may be additionally named as Video Graphics Adaptor as a result of its connectivity capabilities for graphic playing cards.

VGA Use Instances

VGA is a very talked-about know-how and connection sort which is utilized in totally different instances and areas with the intention to transmit or ship graphics or media from the supply machine to the show. Under we are going to record some instance use instances about VGA.

  • VGA primarily used to attach a Private Pc or PC to the monitor.
  • Laptops and Ultrabooks use VGA with the intention to share the media with the exterior monitor or projectors.
  • SmartTV, Kodi, Chromecast can present graphics on the TV or projector through the use of the VGA connection.
  • Completely different streaming units can be utilized to point out graphics on the TV or projector for the general public.

VGA Connection Parts

VGA connections consist of straightforward elements. VGA consists of two connectors with the intention to join the supply and vacation spot. There’s a VGA cable between these two VGA connectors.

VGA Connection Parts

VGA Connector

VGA Connector is crucial a part of the VGA. It accommodates 15 pins with the intention to join cables with the supply machine. These pins are used to transmit analog indicators. VGA connectors could be additionally known as as VGA male. Feminine sort VGA accommodates holes that are positioned on supply and vacation spot machine like laptop computer, PC, Streaming units, monitor, TV, projector. As we will see under a typical VGA accommodates two screws each side of the connector head which is resided two sides of the ping. These screws are used to attach and nail the VGA connector to the supply of the vacation spot machine to guard.

VGA Connector

VGA Connector Types

Essentially the most used and default VGA connector for many of the supply and vacation spot units is DE-15 male connector which proven under. However for small issue units, VGA gives a small and fewer pinned VGA connector known as as DE-9 which accommodates solely 9 pins. BNC is one other sort of VGA connector which isn’t sensible or well-liked for use.

VGA DE-15 Connector

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VGA DE-15 Connector

VGA DE-9 Connector

VGA Male DE-9 Connector or Plug

VGA BNC Connector

VGA BNC Connector

VGA Resolutions

As an analog know-how VGA helps resolutions not too excessive. However in some instances, this decision could be sufficient for use. Really, till the HD, 2K, or 4K resolutions, the VGA was very talked-about and sufficient to transmit totally different decision however with the development of the graphic resolutions, VGA turn into inadequate. VGA know-how gives resolutions as much as 2040x1536px @85 Hz refresh fee. However it’s decision could be lesser based on the VGA cable and connector high quality with the size of the cable.

When the VGA first launched the most well-liked decision was 640x540px which is known as as VGA.

Tremendous Video Graphics Array or SVGAdecision is an prolonged model of the VGA and which can be utilized for 800×600 px.

Prolonged Graphics Array or XGA supported by many of the laptops and create in 1990. XGA present 1024x768px decision.

Tremendous Prolonged Graphics Array or SXGA helps 1280×1024 decision.

Extremely Prolonged Graphics Array or UXGA helps 1600×1200 decision.

Broad Prolonged Graphics Array or WXGA helps decision as much as 2040×1536 @85 Hz refresh fee.

VGA Pinout

VGA accommodates 15 pins that are used to transmit sign from supply to vacation spot. As analog indicators are used extra cables or pins are required to ship information. Under we are going to record the pins and their capabilities.

VGA Pinout
Pin 1 RED Purple video
Pin 2 GREEN Inexperienced video
Pin 3 BLUE Blue video
Pin 4 ID2/RES Reserved since E-DDC, previously monitor id. bit 2
Pin 5 GND Floor (HSync)
Pin 6 RED_RTN Purple return
Pin 7 GREEN_RTN Inexperienced return
Pin 8 BLUE_RTN Blue return
Pin 9 KEY/PWR +5 V DC (powers EDID EEPROM chip on some displays), previously key
Pin 10 GND Floor (VSync, DDC)
Pin 11 ID0/RES Reserved since E-DDC, previously monitor id. bit 0
Pin 12 ID1/SDA I²C information since DDC2, previously monitor id. bit 1
Pin 13 HSync Horizontal sync
Pin 14 VSync Vertical sync
Pin 15 ID3/SCL I²C clock since DDC2, previously monitor id. bit 3
VGA Pinout

VGA Extender

VGA can carry indicators round 20 meters which implies after 20 meters the indicators cannot be carried correctly and with out errors and issues. With a purpose to carry indicators greater than 20 meters, VGA Extender can be utilized which is able to merely improve the sign energy. VGA Extenders additionally named VGA boosters and a number of VGA extenders can be utilized for single VGA connection in a serial connection topology.

VGA Alternate options HDMI, DVI

As previous applied sciences there are a variety of alternate options to the VGA. However a few of them are very talked-about the place they’re changed for the VGA. HDMI and DVI are the most well-liked alternate options to the VGA. HDMI is extra widespread than VGA and DVI. Let’s examine VGA with the HDMI.

  • HDMI makes use of digital indicators the place VGA makes use of analog indicators.
  • Each HDMI and VGA are suitable with one another through the use of converters.
  • HDMI can transmit audio indicators in numerous codecs bu VGA cannot transmit audio indicators.
  • HDMI gives a variety of larger resolutions with higher colour depth than VGA.