September 28, 2023

What Are Google Search Operators?

Google search operators are particular instructions you need to use to search out extra particular data in Google.

Like this:

“ SEO” in Google search

The “website:” operator lets you seek for outcomes from a selected web site.

On this instance, together with “” in your search question will present outcomes solely from

Many different Google search operators could make your search outcomes extra exact. Additionally they have many sensible makes use of for search engine marketing.

On this put up, we’ll information you thru completely different search operators. And present you tips on how to use them for search engine marketing actions. Resembling:

  • Constructing inner hyperlinks
  • Discovering web sites for visitor posting
  • Discovering website indexing points

Let’s get began.

Checklist of 35+ Google Search Operators

Listed here are the search operators Google helps:


Searches for pages that include a selected phrase within the title tag. 

Strive it out: intitle:pizza

This can present pages with the phrase “pizza” within the title tag.


Works like “intitle” however will solely present pages the place the title tag contains all of the desired phrases.

Strive it out: allintitle:pizza recipe


Means that you can discover websites associated to a specific area. 

Strive it out:

Googlewill present different information media websites associated to


Finds outcomes associated to certainly one of two search phrases. In some instances, outcomes will include each search phrases. 

Strive it out: pizza OR pasta

This can present pages which are associated to both pizza or pasta. Or each.

Alternatively, you need to use the pipe (|) operator instead of “OR.” It does the identical factor.

Strive it out: pizza | pasta


Finds outcomes associated to each the searched phrases.

Strive it out: pizza AND pasta

The AND operator is often implied in Google search queries. When getting into a number of search phrases, Google assumes you need to see outcomes that embrace all of these phrases.

So for those who seek for “pizza pasta,” Google will present outcomes that embrace each “pizza” and “pasta” anyway.

The minus (-) operator excludes a specific time period or phrase and reveals pages that don’t embrace the excluded time period (or phrases).

Strive it out: digital marketing -jobs

Google will present pages associated to “digital advertising and marketing,” however not “digital advertising and marketing jobs.”


The parentheses “()” teams a number of phrases or search operators to affect the ultimate search.

Strive it out: Tesla (Model S OR Model Y)

Google will present pages that both embrace “Mannequin S” or “Mannequin Y” along with “Tesla.”


Acts as a wild card and fills within the lacking phrase or phrase.

Strive it out: best * in Paris

Google will fill within the asterisk with completely different phrases, resembling “locations,” “museums,” “motels,” “eating places,” “vacationer locations,” and many others.


See the definition for a selected phrase or idea. The definition is displayed in a particular dictionary field, however generally Google may simply present web sites that outline the time period for you.

Strive it out: define:algorithm

This can serve the definition of the phrase “algorithm.”


Discover outcomes of a specific file format (e.g., PDF, XLS, PPT, DOCX, and many others.)

Strive it out: filetype:pdf climate change

You’ll see search outcomes for PDF information associated to local weather change.

Alternatively, you need to use the “ext:” operator instead of “filetype:” It does the identical factor.

Strive it out: ext:pdf climate change


Means that you can view the latest cached model of a webpage.

Strive it out:

Google will present you the latest cached model of our homepage.


Finds outcomes from a selected web site.

Strive it out:

You’ll see outcomes solely from


Finds pages that embrace a selected phrase within the URL.

Strive it out: inurl:shampoo

This can return pages which have the phrase “shampoo” within the URL.


Works like “inurl” however will solely return pages the place the URL contains the entire specified phrases.

Strive it out: allinurl:best baby shampoos


Means that you can shortly see climate situations for a specific location.

Strive it out: weather:london

Google will show the present temperature, forecast, and different weather-related data.


Exhibits a map of a selected location.

Strive it out: map:new york

Google will show a map of the situation. For those who click on on the map, it would take you to Google Maps. The place you may zoom in or zoom out and discover additional.


Exhibits details about a selected film.

Strive it out: movie:avengers endgame

Google will show movie-related data. Like evaluations, scores, full solid and crew checklist, trailers, and showtimes (if it’s at present in theaters close to you).


Means that you can shortly see inventory costs and different monetary data of a specific firm.

Strive it out: stocks:tesla

Google will present the inventory value, present market cap, inventory chart with historic value particulars, and different related data. 


Seems for pages that include a selected phrase within the content material.

Strive it out: intext:AI

This can return pages which have the phrase “AI” someplace throughout the content material.


Works like “intext” however will solely present pages the place web page content material accommodates the entire specified phrases.

Strive it out: allintext:SEO tips

Google will present pages with each phrases within the content material.


Finds information articles from a selected supply in Google Information.

Strive it out: tesla

You’ll see information articles about Tesla from The New York Occasions.


Enables you to convert one unit to a different. Applies to forex, weights, distance, temperature, time, and many others. 

For instance, you may seek for “999 USD in EUR” to see how a lot $999 USD is price in euros.

Strive it out: 999 usd in eur

“search time period”

Utilizing citation marks round a search question lets you seek for a precise phrase fairly than particular person phrases.

Strive it out: “best pizza in new york city”

On this instance, Google will solely present outcomes that embrace that actual phrase, fairly than “finest,” “pizza,” and “the big apple metropolis” individually.


Searches for pages the place two phrases seem throughout the distance of “X” phrases from one another.

Strive it out: Tesla AROUND(5) Model S

On this instance, Google will return pages with phrases “Tesla” and “Mannequin S” in content material the place they seem inside 5 phrases from one another.


Slim your outcomes to a selected location. 

Strive it out: location:seattle pizza

You’ll see pizza-related outcomes particular to Seattle.

Unreliable & Deprecated Search Operators

Google search operators have been in use for years.

However do you know Google has terminated some operators? Or that some operators don’t work as successfully as they used to?

Let’s have a look at the non-working Google search operators. In addition to those that return inconsistent outcomes and shouldn’t be relied on.


Discover all of a website’s weblog URLs. The operator was helpful for performing searches in Google Weblog Search, which was shut down in 2011.


Though this operator has been deprecated, it nonetheless returns just a few related leads to a daily Google search. 


Seek for data inside a selected vary of numbers. For instance, if you wish to discover articles about the perfect ’90s motion pictures, you need to use “finest motion pictures 1990..1999” as your search question.

Instance: best movies 1990..1999

Our testing discovered that this operator returns combined outcomes by displaying motion pictures for the years 1990 to 1999 but in addition 2000 and past.


Allowed you to search out webpages which have hyperlinks pointing to them utilizing a selected anchor textual content. 

For instance, if you wish to discover webpages which have hyperlinks pointing to them with the anchor textual content “books,” you need to use “inanchor:books” as your search question.

Instance: inanchor:books

Notice: The operator now not constantly returns related outcomes.


Works like “inanchor” however would solely return pages the place a hyperlink’s anchor textual content accommodates all specified phrases.

Instance: allinanchor:best books 2023

Notice: The operator doesn’t appear to work. You’ll typically see false positives.


Discover pages that point out a selected phrase or phrase precisely as written.

For instance, for those who seek for “Semrush +staff,” Google will solely present you pages which have the phrases “Semrush” and “staff” collectively. And never pages which have “Semrush” and “staff” individually or in a distinct order.

Instance: Semrush +team

Notice: The “+” operator has been discontinued by Google. You should utilize citation marks to search out webpages that include actual matches.


See blogs, social media posts, and information articles that used a selected #hashtag.

Instance: #throwbackfriday

Notice: This one doesn’t appear to work. It typically returns false positives.


Finds pages that include synonyms for a phrase or phrase.

For instance, for those who seek for “~wholesome recipes,” Google will present pages that include phrases or phrases associated to wholesome recipes, resembling nutritious recipes, low-fat recipes, healthful recipes, and many others. 

Instance: ~healthy recipes

Notice: Google has terminated this operator. For many searches, Google robotically reveals pages that embrace synonyms. 


Seek for webpages that hyperlink to a selected URL. For instance, for those who seek for “,” Google will present all webpages that hyperlink to The New York Occasions web site.


Notice: Google has deprecated this operator, as confirmed by Google’s Gary Illyes on Twitter. It doesn’t return related outcomes.


Discover extra details about a selected URL or area. Like a cached model, related websites, hyperlinks to the location, and many others.


Notice: Google has terminated this operator.


Means that you can seek for content material that was revealed inside a selected date vary. The date vary should be laid out in Julian format.

Instance: daterange:23001-23091 SEO

Notice: We’ve discovered that this operator now not works.


Seek for content material written by a selected creator. 

Instance: inpostauthor:Neil Gaiman

This operator used to work in Google Weblog Search, which was retired in 2011. It doesn’t work in common Google Search. 


Discover an individual’s cellphone quantity.

Instance: phonebook:elon musk

Google has discontinued “phonebook:” search operator, as confirmed by a former Google worker in a blog post.


Search for weblog posts with particular phrases within the title. 

Instance: inposttitle:SEO tips

This operator was helpful for locating related weblog posts in Google Weblog Search. It doesn’t work in common Google Search.

Methods to Use Google Superior Search Operators for search engine marketing

Google search operators are helpful for varied search engine marketing duties. Like:

  • Constructing inner hyperlinks
  • Discovering website indexing points
  • Discovering web sites for visitor posting

Let’s discover the use instances in additional element.

1. Get Inner Linking Concepts

Inner hyperlinks are hyperlinks that join one web page on a web site to a different web page on the identical web site.

They’re essential for search engine marketing for 3 foremost causes:

  • Inner hyperlinks assist customers uncover extra content material in your website
  • They assist search engines like google crawl and index your website extra effectively
  • They’ll unfold hyperlink fairness (rating energy) all through your web site

To offer your search engine marketing a lift, usually verify your web site for inner linking alternatives. And add hyperlinks the place related.

Google search parameters can assist you generate inner linking concepts.

For instance, if we need to add inner hyperlinks to this information, we will search Google with search operators like this: “Google search operators” in search

Google will present related articles the place we point out the phrase “Google search operators” someplace within the content material. So we will add inner hyperlinks from them.

2. Discover Website Indexation Points

Indexation is the method whereby Google shops your web site pages in its search index—a database containing billions of webpages.

Your webpages should be listed by Google to look in search outcomes.

And to get site visitors from Google.

Google search operators can verify whether or not your web site pages are listed.

Use the “website:” search operator.

For instance, if you wish to verify the index standing of, seek for “”

This tells you roughly how lots of the website’s pages Google has listed.

number of indexed pages for “” showing "about 474,000 results (0.22 seconds)"

Notice: These are approximations. If you wish to know precisely what number of pages of your website Google has listed, verify Google Search Console.

You can too overview whether or not particular pages are listed by looking the web page URL with “website:” search.

That is useful to substantiate whether or not Google has listed the brand new articles you’ve revealed in your web site.

For instance, we lately revealed a brand new information to studying search engine marketing.

To verify whether or not Google has listed it, we will seek for “”

search for “”

As you may see, the web page seems in Google search outcomes. Which suggests there are seemingly no indexation points.

3. Discover Web sites for Visitor Posting

Visitor posting is the place you write weblog posts for different web sites in your area of interest to advertise your model. 

Many search engine marketing entrepreneurs additionally use visitor posting to construct hyperlinks to their website, according to a recent Twitter poll.

To search out related visitor posting alternatives to your web site, search Google with certainly one of these search operators:

  • Your key phrase intitle:“write for us”
  • Your key phrase intitle:“change into an creator”
  • Your key phrase intitle:”contribute”
  • Your key phrase intitle:“visitor article”
  • Your key phrase intitle:“submit a put up”
  • Your key phrase intitle:“submit an article”

These operators will return websites that settle for visitor posts inside your area of interest.

For instance, if we need to discover visitor posting alternatives for well being and health web sites, we’ll search Google like this:

healts intitle:"write for us"

And it’ll present web sites accepting visitor posts.

Google search results page for "healts intitle:"write for us"

Alternatively, you can additionally use the “inurl:” search operator.

  • Your key phrase inurl:“write for us”
  • Your key phrase inurl:“change into an creator”
  • Your key phrase inurl:”contribute”
  • Your key phrase inurl:“visitor article”
  • Your key phrase inurl:“submit a put up”
  • Your key phrase inurl:“submit an article”
healts inurl:"write for us" search results

4. Discover Non-Safe Pages on Your Area

Any pages in your web site which are nonetheless utilizing HTTP (hypertext switch protocol) will not be safe for guests.

Their delicate data like password and credit score particulars can doubtlessly be intercepted and stolen by hackers.

That’s why it’s essential to change to HTTPS (HTTP safe). Which can also be a ranking factor for Google.

To search out non-secure pages in your web site, mix the “website:” and “-inurl:” operators. 

Like this:

“ -inurl:https”

Let’s deconstruct the Google search syntax we’re utilizing.

Right here, we’re utilizing:

  • The “website:” operator so Google appears at your whole web site
  • Then the exclusionary “-inurl:” operator so it solely reveals non-secure pages (nonetheless utilizing HTTP)

This could reveal any non-secure pages you might have in your website.

Alternatively, Semrush’s Website Audit device can determine non-secure pages. 

Arrange a venture within the device and audit your web site.

After the audit is full, go to the “Points” tab and seek for “non-secure.” The device will present if it detected any non-secure pages.

search for “non-secure” in Site Audit "Issues" tab

Useful resource pages are webpages that curate and hyperlink out to helpful business sources. Like articles or instruments.

Right here’s what a useful resource web page appears like:

"Responsive Resource" page

Attain out to the individuals who created the useful resource web page and counsel your useful resource for inclusion.

In the event that they determine so as to add it, you can doubtlessly obtain a backlink as properly.

However how do you discover web sites that curate useful resource pages?

Google search operators can assist.

Search Google with certainly one of these Google search strings:

  • Your key phrase intitle:sources
  • Your key phrase intitle:hyperlinks
  • Your key phrase inurl:sources
  • Your key phrase inurl:hyperlinks

All these operators will return websites that curate and hyperlink out to related sources in your area of interest.

For instance, if we need to discover useful resource web page alternatives for private finance web sites, we’ll search Google like this:

"personal finance intitle:resources" search

And it’ll present web sites curating sources.

Google search results page for "personal finance intitle:resources"

6. Observe Down Duplicate Content material Points

Duplicate content material is when the very same content material seems on the net in multiple place. 

It could possibly be in your web site: Two or extra pages in your web site show the identical content material.

Or another person’s web site: Another web site copy-and-pasted your content material on their website.

That’s unhealthy.

Fortunately, search operators can assist you discover duplicate content material points.

To see whether or not anybody has duplicated your content material, use Google operators like this: "the sentence or block of text you are checking for duplicates"

Right here, we’re utilizing the exclusionary “-site:” operator so outcomes from your personal website aren’t included. 

Then the citation marks (“”) to see in case your actual sentence or block of textual content seems wherever else on the net.

For those who discover your content material is duplicated elsewhere, attain out to these websites and ensure they hyperlink again to your website with correct attribution.

Now, to search out duplicate content material by yourself web site, use the next operators. "the sentence or block of text you are checking for duplicates"

We’re utilizing the “website:” operator to return outcomes to your website solely.

Then the citation marks (“”) to see if there are a number of matching outcomes current.

Additionally, Semrush’s Website Audit device can discover duplicate content material points and prevent from guide search work.

Arrange a venture within the device and run a full crawl of your website. 

As soon as the crawl is full, navigate to the “Points” tab. Then, seek for “duplicate content material.”

The device will present you probably have duplicate content material by yourself website. 

search for “duplicate content” in Site Audit "Issues" tab

Click on on the “# pages” hyperlink to see a full checklist of pages with duplicate content material. Then click on on the “Why and tips on how to repair it” button on the high of the web page to get recommendation on tips on how to repair it.

“Why and how to fix it” section example

7. Discover Recordsdata You Don’t Need to Maintain in Google’s Index

For those who use particular content material property (PDF information, Excel spreadsheet templates, and many others.) as your lead magnets, you in all probability don’t need them showing in Google search outcomes.

That’s as a result of customers can freely entry them with out exchanging their contact data with what you are promoting.

This might result in a lower in lead era and gross sales.

To verify whether or not Google has listed your lead magnet information, use the “website:” and “filetype:” operators.

Like this:

“site: filetype:xlx”

For those who see that your lead magnet information are in Google’s index, take away them by including the “noindex” attribute.

New to the “noindex” attribute? Learn our full information to meta robots and x-robots-tag to get began.

8. Search Outreach Prospects’ Social Media Profiles

Most of the most helpful hyperlink constructing methods revolve round outreach.

It’s the place you contact web site homeowners—through social media, e-mail, and many others.—and provides them a compelling motive to hyperlink to your content material.

Use Google search operators to search out your prospects’ social media profiles.

Right here’re the search operators you need to use:

prospect’s name site’s name (site: OR OR

On this instance, we’re utilizing the parentheses () to group a number of operators collectively. 

Then the “OR” operator to set off your prospect’s profiles on any of the desired social media platforms.

So you may contact them there.

Grasp the Google Search Operators Checklist

Studying tips on how to use Google search instructions is a talent. It takes time and follow to grasp. 

However the advantages are properly well worth the effort.

With Google search modifiers, you may slim your search and filter out undesirable or irrelevant outcomes.

These operators additionally enable you to perform common search engine marketing actions.

That will help you grasp Google search operators, we’ve put collectively a downloadable cheat sheet.

It’s a helpful reference information to essentially the most helpful search operators. 

Download our cheat sheet and begin mastering Google search operators as we speak.